Essential Question – How does folk art reflect the shared human experience across many cultures?
I Can . . .
study my family heritage, traditions, interest, religious belief, and American roots.
Recognize the role of environment, traditions, religion, and culture in folk art
Connect my culture to other cultures
I Will . . .
demonstrate characteristics found in other cultures artwork
design and create a personal stamp that represents my family and cultural heritage
Generating Ideas Create a mind map with five branches (listed below) to brainstorm your personal history. Your mind map should include words, images, and color.
Family Traditions or Memories (Something your family does together or in the same way annually or at regular intervals. It may be passed down from your grandparents or just have special meaning for your family)
Ethnic Heritage (The country/countries your ancestors originally came from)
Personal Interests (Hobbies, Clubs, Favorites, Sports, etc.)
Religious History (What religion did/does your family practice)
American Culture (Holidays, Regions/Southern, things that make you uniquely American, political views)
Mind Map Examples
What is Block Printing?
Block Printing is one of the oldest types of printmaking, and has been around for thousands of years. There is evidence that it existed as early as the fifth century BC, with actual fragments found from as early as the fifteenth century. It has been done around the world, with roots in India, China and Japan.
Since there is such a long history of block printing, there are many different techniques, but it is essentially using a carved material covered in ink to transfer an image on to paper or fabric. Block printing can be done with wood, linoleum, rubber, or many other materials, but I use linoleum for my work.
Images that are printed with this technique are typically much bolder than other types of printmaking: since the blocks are carved by hand, there is often less detail and more texture to the prints. It is possible however, when using a very small knife, to carve blocks with a huge amount of detail. Block printing is also known as “relief printing” because the ink leaves a raised texture on the paper. This is different than letterpress where the image is applied with enough pressure to leave an indent on the paper; typically block printing is done by hand, so the ink sits on the surface adding a raised texture to the paper.
Block Print Explanation Click on the link above then on Wood Block to see an explanation. Even though we are using a different material, the steps are the same.
Researching Below are some aids to help you get started on your mind map and design. You can do your own research as well.
Things to Find Online 1.Family Crests 2.Motifs that symbolize any of the items on your mind map or you in general (Motif - a simplified, stylized design that is often repeated in a pattern) 3.Anything else that you can use in your stamp that you like or represents who you are
Visual Development Personal Symbol Symbol: something that stands for or represents something else, for instance a skull and crossbones representing poison or pirates, an "X" representing a crosswalk in traffic, a pumpkin for Halloween, or a longhorn steer standing for the University of Texas football team. You will explore the world of symbols by developing a symbol or logo that will stand for you. This symbol will be based on your cultural and family history. It should also reflect the cultural traditions commonly found in most folk art. As we look around us, we see numerous symbols giving us information. What symbols mean and how they work can be very powerful.
You will design a personal logo; a unique symbol that represents you.
Brainstorm ideas for a unique symbol to represent your individual identity. Your symbol might represent:
Something that makes you happy or is a favorite item
Hobbies and other images that match your personality
An image that represents your values, interests, or heritage
This image or artifact must remind other people of "who you are" each time they see it.
Sketch 3 different logo ideas. Keep in mind that the final product will be carved out.
Design Tips 1. The design should be graphic and bold. You can not create blended shading when cutting out your design 2. Pay attention to negative as well as positive shapes 3. Cut out about half the material 4. Includes all 5 values (white, light, middle, dark, and black) by cutting out different amounts of material 5. Vary line thicknesses and lengths 6. Rough cut areas leaving small raised areas to create texture 7. Edges may be cut off to leave organic shapes. The overall shape of your logo doesn't need to be square. 8. You may make multiple prints using different ink colors and different colors of background paper.
The first step is to sketch the design. It is important to reverse the image if you are using text, as the printed image will be the reverse of what is on the block. Once the image is ready, transfer the design on to the block to create an outline of where to carve. To transfer, use a dark pencil or piece of graphite to color the backside of your design. Place the drawing on top of the block with the graphite side facedown, touching the block. Retrace your image leaving an impression on the block. To help you cut the correct areas, color the areas you are going to cut out with a sharpie. Then you can simply cut out all of the black areas. It will also help you see what the print will look like.
Use a range of knives, with very small-tipped knives for carving outlines and details, and much larger ones for cutting away the background. Carving the blocks takes a lot of patience, because if your hand slips it can ruin the whole piece. With practice, you can learn the amount of pressure it takes to carve the material, and the best techniques to use for certain designs. Sometimes it is easier to move the printing block and not the gouge tool when you are cutting a curved line. Once you remove part of the block surface, it can't be replaced. Err on the side of caution. Cut less than you think is necessary, make a print, and then decide where you need to make more cuts. If you initially cut too much, there is no way to make correction. You may print and cut several times before you are fully satisfied with the final product.
To print, scoop a small amount of ink onto the ink plate. Use a brayer to roll the ink out into a very thin layer The ink she be sticky and make a clicking noise as you roll it. Two or three colors can be placed side by side and blended as you roll out the ink. Continue to roll out the ink until you get a thin, even layer. It’s important to apply the ink evenly to the block. Roll the ink on to the block, making sure there is a thin but even layer on the whole design. Place your paper on top of the block and rub the back to transfer the ink to the paper. Make sure every part of the back is rubbed with some pressure. You can also use a clean brayer to roll the paper back to apply even pressure.
Carving the block is time consuming and requires a lot of patience, but once you have the block you can use it hundreds or thousands of times.
Signature line. Below the printed image, the artist signs their name in pencil, titles the work and states how many are in the edition in the form of a fraction such as 3/5. The fraction denotes that the print is the third of a total of five prints. The writing should remain within the boundaries of the print and be within ¼ to ½ of an inch from the image’s bottom edge.
Refinement Clean up any uneven cuts. Reprint if the ink is not complete and solid. Make sure you have signed your work and added a title with the number of the print. Show 3 different people one of your prints and ask them to tell you the best part of your design and one thing that would make your design better. Make necessary corrections. Reflection Click on the link below to assess your project. You will download the PDF and annotate your responses. Once you have completed the evaluation, save the PDF and upload to your Schoology account under Personal Stamp Evaluation and Rubric.