arthistory.about.com/od/glossary_l/a/l-landscape-painting.htm Write the definition and 3 Types of "Scapes" in your sketchbook (noun) - Landscapes are works of art that feature scenes of nature: mountains, lakes, gardens, rivers, etc. They can be oil paintings, watercolors, gauche, pastels, or prints of any kind. Derived from the Dutch word landschap, landscape can also refer to:
cityscapes - views of an urban setting
seascapes - views of the ocean
waterscapes - views primarily featuring fresh water (think of Monet on the Seine)
"Landscape format" refers to a picture plane that has a width which is greater than its height.
5 Composition Tips Write the 5 Compositional Tips in your sketchbook http://www.artistsnetwork.com/articles/art-demos-techniques/art-composition-tips-how-to-simplify-a-busy-painting 1. Use the foreground to lead the viewer to the middle ground. The middle ground should carry most of the detail, and the background adds support. 2. Avoid anything that distracts at the edges of the work with the focus placed more toward the center. 3. Remove anything that doesn't add compositional value. 4. The smaller the painting the more simplified the composition. Avoid oversimplification on larger pieces. 5. Add a broad effect or texture (ex - scumble in fog or splatter snow drops)
10 Basic Compositional Tips Write the 10 tips below in your sketchbook http://painting.about.com/od/paintingtipscomposition/a/10TipsCompositn.htm 1. Use a viewfinder 2. Create a focal point (leading lines, value contrast, placement, color choice, etc) 3. Vary values with contrast (good rule - 2/3 dark, 1/3 light, and a little bit of middle value) 4. Add an odd number of elements 5. Use uneven or random spacing for a natural look, vary angles and sizes 6. Avoid elements barely touching (create some distance or overlap) 7. Pick either a warm or cool color scheme not both 8. Have unity where things feel like the belong (simplifying, adding negative space or overgrazing with a transparent color help) 9. Incorporate variety (sizes, lines, shapes, color, preferences, canvas direction,etc.) 10. Analyze composition choices as you work