Essential Question: How do artist choose tools, techniques, and materials to express their ideas?
I Can . . .
study the materials used to create recycled art
understand how folk artists use materials found in their environment
apply environmentally responsibility to my artwork
create art in response to artistic problems
I Will . .
incorporate recycled material to create a new product
apply proper safety procedures when producing my art
practice good craftsmanship
1. Generating Ideas Mosaic is the art of creating images with an assemblage of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials. It is a technique of decorative art or interior decoration. Many mosaics are made out of glass or tiles using grout in-between pieces. You will use magazine pieces cut into small squares, rectangles or circles and glued onto paper to create a picture. Begin by brainstorming ideas about the image you want to use. List 5 to 7 ideas. Consider landscapes, seascapes, people, animals, objects, etc.
2. Researching Mosaic is the art of creating images by assembling small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials. Throughout history these beautiful works of art have been used as part of interior design and have also served as mediums for cultural and spiritual artwork. Nebula Aqua Mosaic by Sonia King, via Materialicious
Ancient Greeks used mosaics to depict mythological subjects and scenes. The Romans are thought to have adopted the art of mosaics from the Greeks, creating beautiful mosaic artwork to adorn the floors and ceilings of wealthy homes and religious institutions. Mosaic art spread through the rest of Europe, Asia and eventually to the rest of the world. To create mosaics, artists would cut stone, glass or marble into tiny pieces called “tesserae” and then assemble them into beautiful designs. The smaller the tesserae, the more intricate the design could be.
After researching mosaics, find 3 examples of mosaics you like and place them on a pages document. Study your 3 choices for common elements. What colors do they share, patterns, subjects, etc.?As you make decisions for your final project, consider what drew you to these images as inspiration for your final design. Save your page as a PDF and turn in into Schoology.
3. Visual Development Create a test mosaic test pattern using a 6" square to recreate the image below. Try to match colors and shapes leaving space to represent the route lines. Take a photo of your test pattern and turn it into Schoology.
After looking at the examples of both real and paper mosaics, choose several images that you may want to use for the final mosaic. To help with the design use a free online photo editor like iPiccy or Picmonkey. Play around until you find something that will make a good mosaic. These sites allow you to use different filters to create a simplified or stylized version of your image. A great filter to use is posterize (see example below). Designs can be added on your final paper to break up large areas of solid color. Notice in real mosaics there is often a patterned rather than a solid background. These patterns are usually monochromatic meaning that they are dark and light versions of a single color. Also think in terms of light, middle and dark values when designing individual images within your main image to create a more 3-deminsional look. For example, on a person's face the top of the cheek has a highlight, the side of the cheek is a mid-tone, and under the chin has a shadow. You will also need to decide if you paper pieces will overlap or if you will leave a small gap to mimic grout lines. Paper can be cut or torn for different effects. Mosaic pieces are often squares or rectangles, but other shapes (like hole punched colors) can be used as well. Once you have made all of your decisions you may begin to work on your final product.
4. Final Design
Decide the subject of your mosaic (landscape, seascape, underwater, animal, nature, truck/car, etc)
Choose the size of your paper (12” x 12” or 12” x 18”)
Decide if you are going to leave grout lines or overlap shapes.
Based on your subject begin finding colors in magazines. Cut and separate squares into sections based on colors. Limit colors, fade light to dark, use complementary colors, colors do not need to be natural.
Squares no larger than a 1/2”. Gather more than you might need.
Lightly draw you your subject on paper.
Glue down pieces neatly.
5. Refinement Clean up any messy areas. Re-glue areas that are loose. Put your name on the back
6. Reflection Take a photo of your final product. Turn Rubric and Photo in to Schoology.