Need a little lift or break from your project? Here are some supplementary projects to "Boost" your creativity.
"Scapes" Inspiration - Artist Raul Lazaro http://sindromedediogenes.squarespace.com/-paisajes-porttiles/ Lazaro is from Madrid, Spain. He studied photography, screen printing, and architecture. Lazaro is known for his collages and paper art. Below are examples of his portable landscapes and collages. Study his work and create your own version based on his concepts. Be inspired by his work, but don't copy it.
Portable Landscapes Lazaro creates mini landscapes by accordion folding paper and cutting out buildings/landscape features that pop out of the top of the fold. By layering the buildings and placing some objects at varying depths, Lazaro creates the feeling of space. Below are some examples of his work. You can go to the website listed above to see close ups of this work (Go down toward the bottom of the menu along the left side to find the work "DESPLEGABLES". Click on the 2nd - 4th links to open the images below. They can be enlarged by clicking on individual photos)
Basic Directions for Portable Landscapes Using Lazaro's work as an inspiration, create your own accordion fold landscapes.
Decide on the overall scene you want to portray (Cityscape, Landscape, or Seascape).
You will need 2 - 3 images for each of the 4 rows of folded paper (about 10 - 12 pieces).
Images will be created by you rather than using magazine pictures or photos.
Draw out your elements with pencil on drawing paper (not copy paper since it will not stand up well when attached to the folds).
Images can be completed with pencil, charcoal, ink, paint, markers, colored pencils, or pastels.
Make sure to include shadows and highlights for a 3 dimensional look.
Images should be completely filled in with no background showing.
Cut out images leaving a 1/2" inch tab at the base so there is a way to glue the pieces to the folds.
Arrange images on each row so that they can be at least partially seen when viewed from the front.
Tabs are glued to the backside of each fold.
Alternative Approach Rather than cutting images out on separate pieces of paper and gluing them on the folds, a single sheet can be used.
Mark out the folds lightly in pencil (you will want to wait until your pieces are drawn and cut before folding).
Leave the area below the first fold blank
Draw images in-between the first and second fold line. The image should touch the first fold line, but not the second.
Repeat this pattern as you move across all 4 folds
Use the technique of your choice to fill in the images
Use a knife to cut around the edges of the top half of your images. The cuts should stop at the fold.
Fold the paper
Collage The word collage means "to glue" in French. A collage is a form of art created by gluing things down on a base. Below are some of Lazaro's collages. His collage style tends towards creating land or city scapes. He leaves a good bit of negative (unfilled) space. There are also many other ways artists create collages. For this project, you will be creating some type of "scape" (land, sea, or city).
You will not be creating a photomontage. A photomontage is a composition consisting of multiple photographs or images that are arranged and overlapped to tell a story. The photos are mostly complete without creating new images spliced together from multiple sources. This is a technique you would find on the wall of a teenager showing various friends, activities or favorite things. A collage, on the other hand, takes multiple images that are cut apart, transformed, and arranged into a new single composition.
Study some fine art collage pieces to get a feel for how artist blend images and layout pieces
Have a broad idea about the final subject and overall feel of your finished piece. Since you will be collecting images, it may not be possible to find exactly what you imagine for the final image. You will need to be flexible in your choices
Be intentional about your magazine choices. We have many types of magazines in the art room including national geographic and some relatively old magazines. The style and type of paper the images are printed on create different moods. Old magazines can be purchased at Goodwill or Value Village if you would like to find something beyond what is available in the art room.
Collect images, colors, textures,etc. from magazines. You will collect more than you actually will need. Keep in mind the final theme of your work. For example, if you are going to create a city scape, you will want to have some images that relate to buildings. Also consider your color choices. Limiting your colors will create unity in your artwork.
Other items can also be included like - tissue paper, construction paper, string, printed paper, cardboard, newspaper, etc. Anything that is fairly flat and will stay when glued can be included.
Once you have quite a few images collect, Began dividing your pieces into 3 or 4 groups. Look for things in each image that connects it to another image. Connections can include colors/textures that look good together or subject matter. You should have around 20 pieces in each stack.
Choose one stack. This will become your source for the final product. Unused images will be collected and recycled for future collages.
2. Background The final image will be glued onto a piece of mat board. Mat board is the thick paperboard that is cut and placed around artwork or photographs before they are placed in a frame. There are many colors and sizes available for this project. The final piece should be at least 9" x 12" in size. 3. Cutting
Objects can be cut apart and be combined with other objects to create new images
Use an Xacto knife for small tight areas and scissors for larger cuts
When cutting, turn the paper rather than the scissors or knife for a more accurate cut
Some items may be torn for an uneven look
To start, you may want to cut out your basic shapes. If you already know you are going to combine an image with another, you can go ahead and cut and glue the parts together. You may also wait until you are more sure of your final design before combining parts.
If something is accidentally cut in the wrong place, it may be possible to mask the mistake when you glue the pieces down at the end.
Start by "playing" with your basic cut out shapes on top of your mat board. Slide, replace overlap, flip, etc. different pieces looking for interesting compositions. Think about creating a scape and how combining images can create interesting or dream worlds.
Plan on leaving about 1/4 of the background showing. This empty space is called negative space and gives the viewers eye some place to rest. Negative space is just as important as positive space (the images or parts of the artwork). It should be balanced and spread nicely through the composition.
Keep your overall theme in mind as you begin. You are creating some kind of "scape" (land, sea or city). The scape can be more naturalistic or imaginary.
Think about your "scape" in terms of foreground (bottom of the board), middle ground (middle of the board) and background (top of the board). This will lead viewers eye through your work creating a sense of space and distance. Images that are closer to you should appear larger and get progressively smaller as they move back into the scene. The farther the distance represented in the image, the smaller the objects become as they go back.
Create a rough draft on a piece of newsprint. This will be to scale (the same size as the final) and have a basic drawing of your overall vision. In the end, you may choose a different composition or use this as your final design.
Remember you are not making a photomontage. Objects should be combined, cut apart and rearranged to create a new image.
When you feel like your design is finished, ask a few people to give you some feedback on the positives and ideas that might make the composition stronger. At this point, nothing is glued so objects can be rearranged easily.
Have them look at both positive space and negative space
Turn the board so that you are viewing it upside down. Look for things that stand out and feel like the don't belong
6 Gluing Once you are 100% sure of your layout, use a glue stick to glue down the pieces. The finished collage will be coated with a layer of Mod Podge. It is a clear coat that will seal all of your images down on the board. You can choose a matte (flat) finish or a gloss finish Use an old brush and clean it with soap and warm water when you have finished your Mod Podge coat.
7. Miscellaneous Tips
Don't over fill your space. Sometimes 3 -5 pieces is all you need.
Have a focal point that is placed off center, but not too close to the edge of the mat board. A focal point is the first area in an artwork that catches your eye. It can stand out because of it's size, color or that it contrast with the sounding area. Some examples include a light object near a dark area, a recognizable object among abstract images, a bright color beside dull colors, or a detailed area surrounded by a plain area.
Be creative and try creating an imaginary world. The Surrealist are a group of artists known for their dream like images. Study some of their artworks for ideas.
Work with limitations. Create a set of limitations for yourself and don't set up outside of them. For example, limit your color palette to 3 or 4 colors.
Abstract Art Abstract art can be defined as "a painting or sculpture (including assemblage) that does not depict a person, place or thing in the natural world" (https://www.thoughtco.com). Because the idea of abstract art is so open and varied, defining and creating this art form can be confusing. Abstract art ranges from images that are recognizable, although not realistically depicted, to pure design work with no apparent objects. Because abstract art is hard to understand, many people don't like it. Looking at it is a little like seeing images in the clouds. Everyone will see a little something different. Generally, abstract art exaggerations 1 or 2 of the elements of art (line, color, texture, value, shape, and space). Abstract art gives the viewer a glimpse of the artists inner world rather than a viewer of the outer world.
2 Concepts in Abstract Art.
Abstract Formalism relies on the formal qualities of composition and is produced with much thought and preplanning. It is about the way the art is made and what it looks like.The focus is on the qualities of colour, brushwork, form, line and composition. Famous formalist artist include Picasso (Cubism), Cezanne, Mondrian, Op Art …
PIET MONDRIAN, Composition with Yellow, Blue, and Red
PAUL CEZANNE, "The Gardener Vallier", circa 1906, Oil on canvas
Abstract Expressionism relies heavily on emotional impact, intuition and is often spontaneous. The artists often starts with just a concept or idea and improvises as he produces the art. This form of abstract art is all about the is the process. Famous Abstract expressionist artist include Frakenthaler, Motherwell, Rothko, Pollock, de Kooning
"Circus", Landscape, 1951, Oil and charcoal on canvas, 40 × 44 in
"Elegy to the Spanish Republic #130", 1974-1975, Oil and acrylic on canvas, 96 × 120 in
WILLEM DE KOONING
"Two Women with Still Life", 1952
Pastel, charcoal on paper, 22 1/4 × 18 3/4 inhttps://www.artsy.net/artwork/willem-de-kooning-two-women-with-still-life
MARK ROTHKO Detail of “Untitled,” 1957
Study the piece, and ask yourself "What is this about"
Does it emphasize line, color or a design element?
Do the colors, lines and textures seem to portray any type of emotion, mood or feeling?
How does the artist use the Elements and Principles of art to send a message to the viewer?
Can you take away any personal meaning from the artwork? How does it make you feel?
Other Types or Names of Abstract Art
Action Painting - concerned with the physical movements involved in the process of painting
Gestural - use of a broad, sweeping gesture or movement with the brush
Color Field Painting - refers to a group of 1950-60 artists that used mostly a single, flat "field" of color
New York School - Another term for Abstract Expressionism
Automatism - work done with out conscious thought
Hard Edge Painting - solid shapes with clean, sharply defined edges
Lyrical Abstraction - intuitive and loose painting technique, spontaneous expression, illusionist space, acrylic staining, process, occasional imagery, and other painterly and newer technological techniques.
“Abstraction allows man to see with his mind what he cannot see physically with his eyes.” ―Arshile Gorky
Formalism Inspirational Artist Tomma Abts - "Tomma Abts makes small-scale, hard-edged abstractions that are the result of a rigorous working method. Using no source material, Abts builds the surfaces slowly, defining line and shape on overlapping layers. While the images often seem on the verge of representation, through Abts’s use of flattened perspective and color combinations, they always veer toward abstraction. Each painting is measured to exactly the same dimensions, and her titles, such as Isko (2008) and Teite (2008), are drawn from a German dictionary of first names, emphasizing each painting’s individuality and imparting a deeper sense of history and narrative to the canvases." https://www.artsy.net/artist/tomma-abts
TOMMA ABTS, "Untitled (Big Circle"), 2015, Color aquatint, 29 1/4 × 22 3/4 in
TOMMA ABTS, "Untitled (Wavy Line)", 2015, Color aquatint, 29 1/4 × 22 3/4 in
TOMMA ABTS, "Untitled (Gap)", 2015, Color aquatint with spit bite aquatint and hard ground etching, 29 1/2 × 22 3/4 in
Abstract Expressionist Inspirational Artist "Oscar Cahén did not theorize about painting very much, preferring instead to act instinctively. When asked what his abstract pictures meant, he retorted: “Why don’t you go out and ask a bird what his song means? I’m not interested in telling a story . . . when I paint, I set down the pushing and pulling of my emotions.”1 But his friend Harold Town (1924–1990) saw in Cahén’s work a “voracious appetite for living . . . [expressed in] joyous colour . . . [and] forms that suggest growth in exultant upward thrust . . . a sense of his deep concern with the life force.”2" http://www.aci-iac.ca/oscar-cahen/significance-and-critical-issues
"Animal Structure", 1953, oil on Masonite, 122 x 91.4 cm, Museum London
Size: 24 H x 24 W x 1.5 in
"Austin Healey 100 Engine",
oil on board, 36" x 48" http://jillehlert.com/blog/2010/07/07/painters-eleven
"The Adoration", 1949, oil on Masonite, 122 x 133 cm, private collection,
Contemporary Abstract Artist Since the term abstract just refers to paintings that aren't realistic in their presentation, the range of recognizable subject matter is varied from fairly realistic to unrecognizable (Non-Objectional). Many contemporary artists aren't considered to be expressionist or formalists. They are simple abstract. Below are some examples of recent artists that choose to paint abstractly.
RYAN McGINNESS, "Untitled (Black Hole, Fluorescent Yellow)", 2008, acrylic on linen, 72 in. dia. (182.9 cm dia.)
exhibited with adhesive fluorescent vinyl on wall under black light, http://www.ryanmcginness.com/selected-artworks-by-year/2016
ORA BIRENBAUM, "Understated 2", 24x36x1.5", https://www.etsy.com/listing/176502234/art-abstract-acrylic-painting-abstract?ref=related-1
JOAN WALTEMATH "Oaxaca Blue/darkness too (East 4 1,2,3,5,8 …)", 2007-2015, oil, graphite, bronze, and fluorescent and phosphorescent pigment, 41 1/8 x 18 3/16.” http://www.tilted-arc.com/2015/03/10/conversation-joan-waltemath-with-gordon-moore/
STEPHEN MUELLER "Owen", 2011
Paintings, acrylic on canvas, 34 x 34 in
BEATRIZ MILHAZES, "O Mágico" (2001)
MARLINA VERA, "CUBIST FISH",
16" x 20" x 3/4", https://www.etsy.com/listing/483837758/cubist-painting-abstract-art-original?ref=related-5
CARLOS ESTEVEZ, http://www.widewalls.ch/10-cuban-artists-you-should-know/carlos-estevez/
Directions Options 1. Inspirational Artwork Find the work of an abstract artist to use as a starting point for your own original work. You may use one of the artworks above as an inspiration piece or find one of your own. Remember not to copy anyone's work, but you may work in a similar style or color palette.
2. Abstract Game of Chance Unsure of what you want to do, play a game that will help narrow down the directions. See me for directions.
3. Step by Step Lessons Below are links to 3 Lesson PPTs that give you step-by-step instructions on how to create an abstract painting.
4. Online Lessons Click on the images below to see 2 different ways to create an abstract painting. Remember you can't copy the artwork, but you can use the same techniques to create your own. If the links are blocked, there is a button to link you to a PDF of the information from the site below each image
For this assignment, you will be painting on 18" x 24" paper (even if some of the inspirational lessons have other directions). The paper will be clipped to a large piece of cardboard and placed on an easel. Standing in front of the work allows you to move your entire arm to create large sweeping gestural paint strokes. Since your painting is vertical, paint may run depending on how much water you mix into your paint.
The entire paper will be filled with paint. If you have areas that are white, they should be painted white and not left unpainted.
Use rulers and a clean painted edge to keep hard edged shapes neat and straight
If you are creating an Abstract Expressionist painting, start with an idea about what you want to express. Use the questions below to get started.
What mood or memory will be expressed?
What colors would best express that mood or memory?
How can the lines in the drawing be altered to express a mood or memory?